Did you know diabetes has types?
Yes, that is true! Diabetes that your grade 1 best friend had is not necessarily similar to what your grandma has.
Without creating further confusion, I’d like to tell you that both, types of diabetes are metabolic disorders which cause an increased blood sugar level in your body. So no, they don’t really have different signs or symptoms but yet, they are divided into two distinct categories.
You, like many others, would ponder: why is diabetes divided into types when it’s the same condition with no changes as such?
The answer lies in the difference between their causes of development and management after the onset of both types. These create a huge difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
So here is an insight to help you distinguish between the two major forms of diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is also called insulin dependant diabetes. In this type of diabetes our immune system is attacked. Basically, our body has its own defence system called the immune system. This system attacks any and all foreign particles in the body. In the case of type 1 diabetes, the system gets confused and starts harming the body itself, instead of protecting it.
The immune system starts attacking the cells in the pancreas that are responsible for producing insulin. Once these cells are damaged, they stop producing the insulin in the required among causing the blood sugar to stay alleviated. And with that happening, the cells are left to starve.
All of this results in a condition called Type 1 Diabetes.
With no insulin in the body, type 1 diabetics become insulin dependent. This means that they rely on insulin injections for glucose uptake.
On the contrary, Type 2 Diabetes is much different.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is not caused by the attack of our own immune system. Instead, It happens when either our body produces insufficient insulin, or the cells of our body become resistant to the insulin produced. This phenomenon is known as insulin resistance.
But wait, this isn’t all.
Although the main difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes is their causing factor, there are a few more differences you should know to distinguish type 1 diabetes from type 2 diabetes.
Common Differences between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Regardless of the type of diabetes you have, it’s important to take care of your blood sugar level.
Many people when thinking of differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes tend to think, type 1 diabetes is more dangerous than type 2. However, if neglected, both types can lead to serious complications. By adopting a healthy living standard and taking your prescribed medicines on time, both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can be easily managed.
Remember, not to self-diagnose yourself or someone else based on the differences mentioned in this blog.Your doctor will need to carry out specialized tests to diagnose what type of diabetes you might have.