Let’s just say, for many diabetics, Insulin happens to be a cornerstone of a healthy life.
But do we really know what exactly insulin is, and what is the function of insulin in the human body? In this blog, we will cover all the essential information about insulin for your understanding.To begin with,
What Is Insulin Made Of, Is It A Protein, A Fat Or A Vitamin?
Well, Insulin is actually a protein which acts as a hormone in your body.
And What Organ Produces Insulin?Insulin is produced from the pancreas – an organ present behind the lower part of the stomach.
Now let’s understand the functions of insulin in the human body.
Key Functions of Insulin In The Human BodyThere are two important functions of insulin in the human body:
1. It Helps To Regulate Sugar In The Bloodstream
When you eat, carbohydrates are converted into tiny glucose particles, a sugar which acts as a primary source of energy in our body and enters your bloodstream.
So, how it enters your bloodstream?
There comes insulin!
Think of insulin as a key which “unlocks” the gateway for glucose. Glucose, upon entering the cell, provides energy to the specific cell. Without insulin, the gateway will remain closed, and the glucose instead of entering the cells reside in the bloodstream causing the cells to starve.
Moving on to the next important function…
2. It Directs Energy Into The Cells
Upon eating – when there is an excess level of glucose in your body – insulin stores that excess glucose for future use in the form of glycogen. In between meals, when insulin levels are low, the liver secretes this stored glycogen in your bloodstream in the form of glucose. This keeps your blood sugar levels in range.
You must be thinking when does the problem of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes arise, right?
Mainly diabetes is characterized by inadequate secretion or action insulin. An imbalance of insulin concentration leads to a high or a low blood sugar level in your body. The highs and the lows consequently damage your organs, blood vessels, and nerves.
Diabetes is divided into two major types based on insulin production.
If the pancreas produces too little or no insulin type 1 diabetes occurs. Whereas type 2 diabetes occur if your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin to meet the energy requirements of your body.
Regardless of the type of diabetes you have, it’s important to take care of your blood glucose levels. Many people think type 1 diabetes is more serious than type 2. Let me clear this misconception. If neglected, both types can lead to serious complications.
By adopting a healthy lifestyle, taking prescribed medications on time, you can easily manage your diabetes.
That’s all on the functions of insulin in the human body.
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